100 Events That Changed The World "An Age FORGED IN IRON" NG .

The Most Important Events


100 Events That Changed The World "An Age FORGED IN IRON" NG


1200 s.c. Metals were used in a number of ways in the ancient world. By about 5000 B.C., the

Egyptians were making copper weapons and tools. Bronze was produced in the Middle East around

3200 s.c. and cast iron production began in India at about 2000 B.C. Gold and silver were reserved for

ceremo-nial and decorative objects. Around 1400 B.C., the Hittites, whose kingdom stretched over

parts of modern Turkey, Syria, and Lebanon, discovered how to manufacture wrought iron on a large

scale. This process involved heating iron ore, hammering out impurities, and then cooling it in water,

which made the iron strong and durable. When their empire collapsed in the 12th century B.c., after falling under the rising power of The Metal Ages ca 3200 s.c. Bronze produced in the Middle East e ca 5000 B.C. Egyptians make copper tools and weapons the Assyrian Empire (2500-605 5.c.), Hittite crafts-men dispersed, spreading iron metallurgy prac-tices and starting what is known as the Iron Age (1200-1 B.c.). The technology reached Europe by 1000 B.c., arose in Africa by 900 B.C., and spread to China around 700 B.C. The advent of iron metallurgy had many repercus-sions. It made the war chariot obsolete in the Middle East because soldiers were equipped with stronger weapons. It revolutionized farming and the social order in China, where the masses previously toiled with tools made of stone, wood, and bone. It also allowed greater migration in Europe, Africa, and India since land could be cleared for planting more rapidly, producing a surplus and population growth. 1000 s.c. China and Egypt begin using pewter 1600 s.c. Hittites develop iron metallurgy ca 200 s.c. India produces steel