1S02 When a Dutch East India Company ship arrived • Europe carrying tea from Macau early in the 17th pentury, it brought with it a Chinese habit. The bnese began cultivating and using tea around MOO B.C. Once established in Europe, tea became an important trading commodity and the drink of choice for many Europeans.
In 1602, the Dutch government granted the Dutch East India Company a 21-year monopoly to carry out made in Asia. Around the same time, Britain gave the
East India Company a royal charter and the exclusive right to trade in India, the East, and Southeast Asia. The companies competed for the right to trade with the various Eastern empires. In addition to tea and coffee, they imported spices, cotton, silk, indigo—and later opium.
Like the Silk Road, these companies linked East and West and are early examples of globalization and imperialism. They often held quasi-governmental powers, helping form colonies for their home countries.