1506 From roughly 1503 to 1506, Italian artist da Vinci (1452-1519) painted the "Mona one of the world's most famous works of art, today at the Louvre in Paris. He used principles perspective and foreshortening that Italian
had codified in the previous century to make three-dimensional painting possible.
Leonardo continues to be revered not just for this painting and sculptures, but also because was Italy's consummate uomo universals 'complete man"—and symbolizes the Renaissance (1300 to 1700) like no other human being. The of the Renaissance perpetuated the idea that experienced a dramatic rebirth in the 14th century. They espoused the study of human nature and revived classical learning—an intellectual movement known as humanism—which led to the era's art, architecture, science, theology, and social thought.
A painter and inventor, Leonardo, who had an indefatigable curiosity about all spheres of science, was fueled by the Renaissance mind-set that humans could master their universe. Through classical studies, experimentation, and visual observation, the genius Leonardo consistently expanded the breadth of human knowledge. His famously copious notebooks display sketches for inventions like flying mechanisms, parachutes, and machine guns—ideas hundreds of years ahead of their time.