444 B.C. The core beliefs of Judaism are based within the legal guidelines that have been revealed to the prophet Moses on Mount Sinai. The assumption in a single God who controls historical past and ensures that advantage is rewarded and wickedness is punished established Judaism as a monotheistic faith, and separated it from the polytheistic religions of the traditional world.
Students and believers dispute whether or not Moses himself or later writers recorded the Jewish regulation into the primary 5 books of the Hebrew Bible, referred to as the Torah. However after six centuries of written compilations and a number of other extra of oral traditions, a temple scribe named Ezra was given the authority in 444 B.C. to proclaim the Torah the official regulation of Judaa vassal state of the Achaemenid Empire, the primary Persian empire.
Within the centuries earlier than Ezra's proclamation, the Israelites, because the Hebrews got here to be recognized, suffered army defeats and compelled diasporas and enslavement. All through, they maintained a way of religion and group largely because of the teachings of Moses and a collection of later prophets whose teachings seem in later elements of the Hebrew Bible.
The canonization of the Torah started centuries of interpretation and reinterpretation of each phrase it contained. It might go on to profoundly affect the morals and values of numerous Jews, Christians, and Muslims alike.